VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 18, 2013, No. 1.

PROSPECTIVE POTENTIAL OF THE MAXIM OF RECIPROCITY IN SPEECH BEHAVIOUR OF ADDRESSEES IN CONVENTIONAL COMMUNICATION

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2013. Vol. 18. No. 1. Pp. 98-101.
Aznabaeva L. A.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi Street, 450074 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Email: irene-sher@mail.ru
Kapitonova I. V.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi Street, 450074 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Email: irene-sher@mail.ru

Abstract

The article deals with prospective potential of the Reciprocity Maxim in the speech behavior of the addressee in conventional communication. Verbal prospection is realized in the speaker’s semantic program, which is seconded by the addressee in conventional face-to-face interaction. Proceeding from the G. Leech’s principle of politeness the authors singled out 6 maxims of politeness in the conventional behavior of the addressee: the Maxim of Positive Attitude; the Maxim of Reducing the Negative Attitude; the Maxim of Reciprocity; the Maxim of Psychological Support of the speaker; the Maxim of Modesty and The Maxim of Explication of Emotional Attitude. The Maxim of Reciprocity is the uniting basis of the Maxims of Modesty, the Maxim of Psychological Support and The Maxim of Explication of the Emotional Attitude. Each of these maxims is represented by several illocutionary types that are rarely used at the same time in conventional face-to-face communication. The research is based on literary works of modern French writers.

Keywords

  • • speech prospection
  • • anticipation
  • • conventional communication
  • • maxims of politeness
  • • speech acts

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