VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 19, 2014, No. 3.

MEASURE OF DEGREE PREDICATES IN RUSSIAN, BULGARIAN, SERBO-CROATIAN, CZECH, POLISH AND ENGLISH

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2014. Vol. 19. No. 3. Pp. 893-896.
Vasiliev L. M.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Email: ivl334@yandex.ru

Abstract

The grammatical and semantic specifics of measure of degree predicates in a number of Indo-European languages is studied. It is established that this predicates from the grammatical point of view are special category of adverbs acting usually in the function of adverbial modifier of measure and degree. Due to their limited compatibility, they serve as indicators of the corresponding semantic fields (estimation, value etc.) It is also revealed that the degree predicates are more often used in conjunction with quantitative or qualitative adjectives (complete and brief) and adverbs correlative with them in meaning, rarely - verbs. The author has come to the conclusion that many adverbial measure predicates of degree are similar in their semantic model. An important feature of the considered predicates is that they are correlative with adjectives that have the same meaning, and act as semantic derivatives of these adjectives. Such adjectives as adverbs derived from them with meaning of measure of degree are mostly innovations with a figurative meaning. From the stylistic point of view, considered predicates are most commonly used, but among them there are also colloquial, bookish, folk-poetic and obsolete words. Measure of degree predicates are actively used in advertising, in political discourse and in the scientific style.

Keywords

  • • Indo-European languages
  • • predicates of degree of something semantics
  • • grammar
  • • typology

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