Bashkirskogo universiteta

ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 19, 2014, No. 3.


Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2014. Vol. 19. No. 3. Pp. 1075-1079.
Khusainov A. S.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.


In view of the increasing interest to the problems of federalism and the right of nations to self-determination in the Russian Federation the study of previously unstudied events, identification of important uninvestigated facts of the history of formation of the Bashkir Autonomous Republic based on searching for new sources and archival materials is of great importance. Nowadays, unfortunately, there are still many gaps in the study of a number of local historical events during the Civil War. During the Civil War and the Bashkir national movement (1917-1921) there were a lot of tragic incidents that left a trail of blood in the history of Bashkortostan. As in other regions of the country, in Bashkortostan there was not only the “white terror”, but also the “red” one, allowing gross violations of the law, abusive attitude to the Bashkir population that was declared to be counter-revolutionary. All this was a disaster for the people that resulted in the ruin, physical extermination, hunger and spiritual devastation. This paper presents the results of the study of the tragic events of 1918 in Tanalykovo-Baimak where the Red Guards killed the members of the Bashkir government and soldiers formed into volunteer corps, their impact on the future consecution of the Bashkir national movement and the Civil War on the territory of Bashkortostan and the Eastern Front in the whole. Due to the execution, the Bashkir troops in the initial phase of the civil war were forced to fight against the Red Army. In order to assess objectively these events the author analyzes various sources including materials from regional archives.


  • • civil war
  • • Burzyan-Tangaur canton
  • • Tanalykovo-Baymak
  • • terror
  • • Bashkir government
  • • voluntary troop
  • • fusillade
  • • Red guard
  • • counterrevolution


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