VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.

HISTORY OF STUDYING STEPPE VEGETATION OF THE BASHKIR CIS-URALS

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 869-875.
Petrova M. V.
Botanical Garden-Institute, Ufa Scientific Center of RAS
195/3 Mendeleev St., 450080 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Yamalov S. M.
Botanical Garden-Institute, Ufa Scientific Center of RAS
195/3 Mendeleev St., 450080 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Email: yamalovsm@mail.ru

Abstract

In the work, references on studying of steppe vegetation of the Cis-Urals since the end of 18th century are generalized. Six stages of development of research according to their tasks with methods and results are allocated. The most significant works, which made a contribution to identification of a biodiversity of steppes, structures of their communities, features of floristic structure and the spatial organization in the region are considered. The first stage is allocated since the end of the 18th century when researches of flora and vegetation began and complex expeditions were carried out. At the second stage (since the beginning of 19th century to the 60s of 19th century) geological works and botanical collections were gathered seldom, they mainly included dominants of vegetable communities. At the third stage (from the 60s of 19th century to 1917) attempts of allocation of areas of the Bashkir Cis-Urals depending on vegetation type were made. The fourth stage (from 1917 to the 60s of 20th century) begins detection of regularities of distribution of vegetable communities depending on a relief and a geographical position at this time. At the fifth stage (from the 1960s to the 1980s), prepotent approach starts to be applied in classification of vegetation. At a present sixth stage (from 1980s to the present time), ecology-floristic approach on the basis of diagnostic types is applied to classification of vegetation.

Keywords

  • • steppe vegetation
  • • history of the study of steppe vegetation
  • • syntaxonomy
  • • Bashkir Urals
  • • Southern Urals

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