VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.

FERTILIZER SYSTEM OF ZUCCHINI AND SQUASH ON ALLUVIAL-MEADOW SOILS OF THE MOSCOW REGION

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 876-880.
Litvinov S. S.
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Horticulture
500 Bldg., 140153 Vereya Vlg., Russia.
Email: vniioh@yandex.ru
Kolomiets A. A.
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Horticulture
500 Bldg., 140153 Vereya Vlg., Russia.

Abstract

The results of studies of fertilizer zucchini and squash on alluvial-meadow soils of the Moscow region are given in the article. Fertilizer system of zucchini hybrid F1 Belogor, consisting of adding N90P90K120 under cultivation of and of zeolite norm 0.4 t/ha. It provided yield increase of fruits by 42.9%. N90P90K120 and Tenso cocktail ensured yield increase by 39.4% with NSR05 = 1.7 t/ha and NSR05 = 1.3t/ha for fertilizers. N90P90K120 with zeolite and N90P90K120 with Tenso cocktail helped to increase solids in zucchini fruits by 3.4-5.1%, N90P90K120 with Tenso cocktail increased vitamin C by 33.3%, N90P90K120 with zeolite increased monosaccharides by 7.8%, N90P90K120 with Humistar and Tenso cocktail increased the amount of sugar by 18.5% compared to the control. The minimum content of nitrates in the fruits was noted for N90P90K120 with zircon (378 mg/kg) and maximal for N90P90 (660 mg/kg). Nitrate content in the fruits for N90P90K120 with Tenso cocktail has appeared to be on the MPC level and it was 400 mg/kg. Fertilizer system of squash varieties Cheburashka, consisting of adding N90P90K120 under cultivation and of foliar treatment of plants in the budding phase by zircon norm 1ml/10 liters of water provided the increase of fruit yield by 47.4% with high quality products. N90P90K120 with biocompost ensured yield increase by 43.9% with NSR05 = 1.4 t/ha and NSR05 = 1.2 t/ha for fertilizers. The maximum content of solids in the fruit (6.8%) and the amount of sugar (3.18%) was provided by P90K120, vitamin C (8.8 mg%) - N90P90K120 with zircon. The lowest content of nitrates was observed in the control variant, it was 365 mg/kg.

Keywords

  • • zucchini
  • • squash
  • • fertilizer system
  • • biocompost
  • • zeolite
  • • humistar
  • • zircon
  • • alluvial-meadow soil
  • • yield
  • • fruit quality

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