VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.

MORTALITY FROM EXTERNAL CAUSES IN RUSSIA AND IN THE OECD COUNTRIES: ASSESSMENT OF PREMATURE LOSS AND CONDITIONS OF THEIR REDUCTION

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 896-902.
Yumaguzin V. V.
The Institute of Demography National Research University «Higher School of Economics»
20 Myasnitskaya St., 101000 Moscow, Russia.
Email: vyumaguzin@hse.ru
Vinnik M. V.
The Institute of Demography National Research University «Higher School of Economics»
20 Myasnitskaya St., 101000 Moscow, Russia.

Abstract

The analysis of the demographic losses from the main causes of death in Russia, in the Republic of Bashkortostan and in OECD countries is presented in the article. Based on analysis of the numbers of deaths and potential years of life lost (PYLL), there was shown the position of external factors in the structure of total mortality in these regions. Although the number of deaths from external causes in both sexes before age 70 was on the 2nd place in 1992-2012 and in all ages one became on the 3rd place since 2006, in terms of PYLL premature loss from these causes had become the biggest threat to public health at least since 1990. There were specified peculiarities of calculation of the PYLL according to the methodology of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The basic conditions of the reduction of mortality from external causes are considered: the formation of vital behaviors among the population, creating a safe environment, an increase in expenditure on health care. Because almost all of the external causes of death are preventable, preventive measures play a major role in the limiting of risk factors, so Russian health system approach should be aimed not only on treatment but first of all on prevention. In addition, there were shown the analytical capabilities of the Haddon Matrix in the classification of the main factors of risk of death from external causes on the example of the suicide.

Keywords

  • • external causes of death
  • • mortality in Russia
  • • potential years of life lost
  • • Haddon matrix
  • • suicide

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