VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.

METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF AGENT-BASED MODELLING IN TASKS OF OPTIMIZATION OF JURISDICTION’S BORDERS

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 903-906.
Zulkarnay I. U.
Bashkir State University
3/4 Karl Marx St., 450054 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Email: zulkar@mail.ru

Abstract

This article aimed to discuss of methodological problems that arise on the stage when a researcher formulates agents of the model, their behavior functions, formalize these functions. Here we focus on the most important and difficult for solving problems that arise in tasks of optimization of jurisdiction’s borders. One methodological question is how to formulate a criterion of optimization. This question arises not in each agent-based model, but here where we explore borders of jurisdictions and think in terms that these borders have to be “optimal”, we need to develop such a criterion. This problem are made clear in the article. The article suggests three fields of factors that influence the situation with borders and there are criteria of optimization in each field. One field relates to public goods that are delivered to population by governments of different levels: federal, regional, local ones and constructions that exist above countries. The second field relates to private sector of economics where we basing on the space economics approach think of how to arrange economic systems across the territory. The third field is about cultural issues that reflect main technologies that population prefer. The second methodological question is how to calibrate the model or in other words how to develop quantity definiteness for the factors that there are in functions. The article mostly develops the first question. As to second question, there is suggestion that we should use a method that is similar to the way of decision so-called inverse problems in mathematical physics.

Keywords

  • • agent-based model
  • • optimization
  • • economic effectiveness
  • • boundaries of jurisdictions

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