VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.

FRACTAL STRUCTURES IN LITERARY TEXTS (BASED ON THE NOVEL “TENDER IS THE NIGHT” BY FRANCIS SCOTT FITZGERALD)

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 969-973.
Morozkina E. A.
Baskir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Safina Z. M.
Baskir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Email: safinazarema@mail.ru

Abstract

Researchers from different branches of science have taken a keen interest in the notion of fractal introduced by B. Mandelbrot. In linguistics, the term 'fractal' has not yet received proper attention. The problem of fractal structure of the literary text is studied in the article. Self-similarity, or the principle of scaling, is considered to be one of the central properties of fractal structures. Besides self-similarity, fractals are characterized by irregular structure and fractal dimension, and also by scalar relativity and formal consistency. The main distinctive features of fractals become apparent in the structure of languages. Fractal structures of the literary text has been analyzed in F. S. Fitzgerald’s novel “Tender is the Night” (1934). It is proved in the article that the composition of the literary work reflects fractal characteristics revealed on the level of the plot and on the level of the characters’ formation. The authors conclude that the form of the text organization is similar to the rhizome, which is characterized by the principles of irregularity and discontinuity. The concept of the rhizome was proposed by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in the 1970-s. The rhizome has a “hidden stem” that makes it possible to reveal the subject and the heroes moving according to different vectors. The authors suggest that “fractality” of the literary text implies the existence of the so-called “bifurcation points” that confirm the essential changes in the vectors of the evolution of either the plot or the heroes. Linguistic fractality is also revealed on the level of different registers, which are exposed both by the author’s voice and by the polyphony of protagonists’ voices.

Keywords

  • • fractal
  • • the principle of scaling
  • • structural self-similarity
  • • irregular surface
  • • fractal dimension
  • • fractal structure of literary texts
  • • a “non-linear” fractal form of the text
  • • rhizome
  • • bifurcation point

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