VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.

STUDYING OF THE LANGUAGE SITUATION: SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEMS

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 1006-1010.
Ayupova L. L.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Romashkevich V. R.
Bashkir State University, Neftekamsk branch
1 Traktovaya St., 452681 Neftekamsk, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Email: venus0607@inbox.ru

Abstract

This study is focused on the main factors of development of the sociolinguistic thoughts on the scientific problem - the “language situation” concept - in the context of socio-cultural processes and traditions of domestic and foreign linguistics. The definitions, which reveal the “language situation” concept are adduced. It is clarified that the reference to the issue is caused by formation of the conceptual apparatus of sociolinguistics as a science, by the absence of generally accepted definition of this term, by its content being debatable and by existence of different approaches to the complex description of the language situation in the applied sociolinguistic researches. Interpretation of “language situation” concept is considered in the context of the phenomenon of linguistic variation. The authors dwell on the comparison of the concepts of “language situation” and “state of the language”. Taking into account conceptual and methodological differences of positions of domestic and foreign researchers in respect of the language situation, the authors prove the possibility to present the language situation as a complete entity through the unity of its components. The authors justify the opportunity to present linguistic situation through variation and dynamism.

Keywords

  • • social and communicative system
  • • sociolinguistics
  • • state of language
  • • language situation
  • • language community

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