VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.

ANTHROPONYMS IN LANGUAGE SYSTEM

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 1017-1021.
Muryasov R. Z.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Email: frgf.dekanat@rambler.ru
Gazizov R. A.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.

Abstract

The article is devoted to studying of the names of people, famous for their contribution to the history of European civilization, science, culture (arts) and literature development. The authors trace the ways that proper names penetrate into the system of European languages (English, German, French and Russian): transition of proper names to common names and further development of semantic structure of the latter. Significant consideration is given to the description of derivational potencies of proper names to form words belonging to various parts of speech, identification of their relative proportion, specified by the intrasystem capacities of a definite language. Thus, conversion is highly productive in forming nouns denoting “a pupil, studies follower” and adjectives with the meaning of “related to” in the English and French language, while suffixation is characteristic of the Russian and German languages. Study of correlative families of words in different languages reveals, on the one hand, symmetry (for instance, if this word family is formed from names of scientists - the authors of inventions of science and technology) and, on the other hand, asymmetry among them when names of politicians, literary characters, etc. act as derivation stems.

Keywords

  • • anthroponyms
  • • derivational potency
  • • conversion
  • • suffixation
  • • derivation stem
  • • word family

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