Bashkirskogo universiteta

ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.


Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 1064-1067.
Isyangulova G. A.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.


Interjections are considered to be the substantial bulk of contemporary Bashkir language lexis, they are related to the emotional sphere of the language, are characterized by certain semantics generally comprehended by the native speakers and they inform of the physical or emotional state of the subject. Despite this, interjections are treated in contemporary Bashkir linguistics as one of the most complicated and debatable parts of speech. They represent a specific word group, and up to the present both in Bashkir and Turkic linguistics the topical problem is morphological identification of such separate word groups. Interjections are the words directly expressing our emotions, feelings and needs, not naming them. Semantically, interjections differ from all the notional parts of speech by the fact that they do not name, i.e. do not have the nominative function, since they are a kind of speech units, markers used for spontaneous expression of human reaction on various events taking place in objective reality, or for conveying some desire or will of a definite person. Expressing emotions and will, interjections are comprehended by all the native speakers and interpreted correctly, since each interjection expresses a certain semantic meaning. In the given article, the overview of different approaches to interpreting the language status of interjections, their role and functions in the parts of speech system is suggested.


  • • interjections
  • • problem of classification
  • • lexical-grammatical class
  • • emotional interjections
  • • imperative interjections


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