VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.

PRIVATE CAPITAL OF BASHKIRIA IN THE ERA OF THE NEP: “WHAT IT MEANS TO BE A SOVIET LOCAL ENTREPRENEUR”

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 1122-1130.
Khaziev R. A.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Email: khazievra@mail.ru

Abstract

The article is devoted to the activities of private capital in Bashkiria during the NEP period and it competently reviews many of the basic conclusions not published elsewhere yet. The author analyzes the reasons that forced the Bolsheviks to abandoned “pure Communism”, reversed his system of NEP, that is, decided to support the socialization of the Soviet economic system by permitting individualistic and capitalistic business methods. The functioning of private capital in national province was a key element the correctness of a hypothesis that had never been tested that two economic systems (“pure Communism” and NEP) that in theory are hopelessly divided would in practice prove entirely compatible. On the basis of archival materials exclusively, the author states that private capital sprang up and even flourished under the wing of a bureaucracy, which alternately blew hot and cold, fluctuating between grudging acquiescence to interfering regulation. Gradually the impediments were multiplied, and the private firms had been wiped out of existence either by taxes or by discrimination in the credit furnished by the state banks or in the supplies obtainable only from the state factories. Still it was found that these shackles and limitations were not adequate enough to keep privateers within bounds; harassed though it was at every turn, privateers continued to thrive, and so in 1927 the Soviets launched a policy of wholesale and direct repression of private capital. The Bolsheviks frankly saw in the success attendant on private capital a vital threat to the “socialistic sector” of the Soviet economic system, both present and future.

Keywords

  • • private capital
  • • trade
  • • business
  • • market
  • • commerce
  • • NEPmen

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