VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.

THE INFORMATION ABOUT LANDOWNERS’ ESTATES IN THE SOUTHERN URALS IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 1131-1134.
Shaikhislamov R. B.
Bashkir State University
32 Zaki Validi St., 450076 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.
Email: shrb2007@mail.ru

Abstract

The article is devoted to the little studied theme - the formation, numerical growth and study of landowners’ estates in the Southern Urals in the pre-reform decades of the 19th century. Basing on the analysis of the archive fund materials, the author of the article traces the stages of landowning growth of the noblemen and accordingly - the number of landowners’ estates and serving peasants in the region. In the article, the peculiarities of the named processes are cleared up: it has been counted and stated that according to the dimensions of estates major landowners made up 10.2% of owners, moderate ones - 18.3%, petty ones - 30.8%, more than 40% of landowners were without estates. The author gives general characteristics of the studied problem and comes to the conclusion: the first half of the 19th century has been the period of the greatest growth in the number of landowners’ estates in the Southern Urals and the serfs settled on the territory of these estates. It was a result of intensive transfer of peasants from the inner provinces of Russia by their owners.

Keywords

  • • the Southern Urals
  • • landowners
  • • estates
  • • landowning
  • • grants
  • • peasants
  • • serfs

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