VESTNIK
Bashkirskogo universiteta

RUSSIAN
ISSN 1998-4812

Archive | Volume 20, 2015, No. 3.

PROCEDURAL MEANS OF ESTABLISHING LEGAL FACTS

Vestnik Bashkirskogo Universiteta. 2015. Vol. 20. No. 3. Pp. 1144-1147.
Kosturba A. V.
F. G. Burchak Research Institute of Private Law and Business, National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine
23-a Raevsky St., 01000 Kiev, Ukraine.
Email: priminterpar@yahoo.com

Abstract

There have been analyzed peculiarities of proving as the method of establishment of legal facts in civil proceedings, and there have been specified fixation results methods in such establishment and their value in the mechanism of property relations legal control. It was concluded that establishment of legal facts in action proceeding is considered to be the confirmation of availability or lack of legal facts and cause-and-effect relations between them. Establishment of legal facts in court proceeding is considered to be proving of availability or lack of legal facts system within relations concerning certain subject between legal entities, cause-and-effect relations between them, which finally cause consequences in form of disqualification, necessarily relations and/or right. To the methods of establishment of legal facts belong: proving (in court), scientific and legal inspection as a separate method of establishment and interpretation of legal provision and agreement’s conditions. Proving is performed by means of legal facts establishment or confirmation within legal relations as legal facts and cause-and-effect relations between these legal facts. Speaking of legal facts importance as evidences, it should be noted that it might be various as far as the evidence may be connected with one of the main circumstances of fact in proof, either with several, or with all circumstances of the case. In this context, the judge ultimately resolves participation and competence proving instruments. Legal proceeding arises due to issue of law and shall be focused on defense or recovery of already violated law. In this regard, court decision may be interesting for material law from the point of view of legal facts in that it confirms availability of lack of appropriate legal facts set in course of case disposition, which further will have prejudicial character.

Keywords

  • • legal fact
  • • right enforcement
  • • establishment
  • • legal relations
  • • proving instruments

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